# Study of Parametric Flowers

Every flower is made using a parametric equation, then they are packed using a bin packing algorithm and raytraced in the web browser (cpu/gpu intense!)

Pixels, three.js, JavaScript

2023

Digital

I wanted to learn about flowers as systems, to see how different forms would work together and create new meaning when paired with different color schemes. Studying flowers in this way helped me see how mathematics and nature are intertwined. Every flower is a new experience, a new system, a new world. Math is found all around us in nature. Flowers are a prominent example of the evidence of mathematical structures in nature and they are an embodiment of the ever presence of mathematical phenomena. The shapes of their petals can be defined with parametric equations and the placement of florets around a central axis can be defined with the golden ratio. There are ways to modify the equations to produce flowers that do not exist, yet flowers that are still convincingly floral. I wrote a renderer that can export gigantic images, so that these rendered flowers can be brought from the digital world to the physical world at any size. I connected to how flowers have inspired artists for centuries. I represented them in the browser so that this code could be run on any capable machine.